EngQuizzitive – GMAT – 12

October 5, 2012 1 comment

Kia ora friends,

This week’s grammar quiz was based on helper verbs also called as Auxiliaries.These verbs are called helper verbs coz they help in changing the tense and also help indicate the tense [we would begin with our tense quizzes next week onwards].

There are two types of Auxiliaries:

  • Primary Auxillaries
  • Modal Auxillaries

Primary Auxillaries (PA) : there are three primary auxillaries :

  1. to be [ am,is,are,was,were]
  2. have [has,had]
  3. do [does,did]

PA are tense indicators and can be used as main verbs and helper verbs.
eg She is playing in the garden.[here 'is' is a helper verb]
She is in the garden.[here 'is' is the main verb]

Modal Auxillaries (MA) : they are used to indicate the mood of the verb in a sentence.They help identify the relationship between the speaker and the listener or writer and the reader.

The meanings that the modals convey depend on their usage.The following table would help you differentiate among the different meanings conveyed by different modals.

Modal Auxiliaries              Basic meaning                                  Derived meaning

May                                 Probability (AE)*                                 Permission, polite conversation
Might                               Past probability                                   Indicates negativity
Shall                                Future tense (BE)/used for first            Probability (BE)*

person: I/We
Should                            Past of shall Advice                             past probability, if
Can                                Ability (animate)                                  Authority
Could                             Past ability                                          Request (informal)
Will                                Future tense (AE)                                Surety
Would                            Past of will                                          Request (formal)
Needs to                        Necessity
Ought to                        Obligation
Must                             Compulsion
Has to                           Present compulsion
Had to                          Past compulsion
Had better                    Threat/warning

*AE:American English BE: British English

Answers

  1. One ought to help the needy. [since it is a moral obligation]
  2. May I come in ? [ if you are asking for permission] / Can I come in ? [if you want to indicate authority] {answer both 1 and 2}
  3. John should study tonight .[advice been given to John] / John must study tonight.[compulsion]/John had better study tonight.[threatening John] {answer all the above depending on the meaning to be conveyed}
  4. Should / If you have a problem let me know.
  5. Would you like to have a cup of coffee? [ formal conversation]

If you have any queries do post them in the comments section of this post.

Categories: GMAT

EngQuizzitive – CAT – 2.15 (grammar)

October 5, 2012 Leave a comment
Categories: CAT 12 grammar

EngQuizzitive – CAT – 2.15 (grammar)

October 5, 2012 1 comment

Kia ora friends,

This week’s grammar quiz was based on helper verbs also called as Auxiliaries.These verbs are called helper verbs coz they help in changing the tense and also help indicate the tense [we would begin with our tense quizzes next week onwards].

There are two types of Auxiliaries:

  • Primary Auxillaries
  • Modal Auxillaries

Primary Auxillaries (PA) : there are three primary auxillaries :

  1. to be [ am,is,are,was,were]
  2. have [has,had]
  3. do [does,did]

PA are tense indicators and can be used as main verbs and helper verbs.
eg She is playing in the garden.[here 'is' is a helper verb]
She is in the garden.[here 'is' is the main verb]

Modal Auxillaries (MA) : they are used to indicate the mood of the verb in a sentence.They help identify the relationship between the speaker and the listener or writer and the reader.

The meanings that the modals convey depend on their usage.The following table would help you differentiate among the different meanings conveyed by different modals.

Modal Auxiliaries              Basic meaning                                  Derived meaning

May                                 Probability (AE)*                                 Permission, polite conversation
Might                               Past probability                                   Indicates negativity
Shall                                Future tense (BE)/used for first            Probability (BE)*

person: I/We
Should                            Past of shall Advice                             past probability, if
Can                                Ability (animate)                                  Authority
Could                             Past ability                                          Request (informal)
Will                                Future tense (AE)                                Surety
Would                            Past of will                                          Request (formal)
Needs to                        Necessity
Ought to                        Obligation
Must                             Compulsion
Has to                           Present compulsion
Had to                          Past compulsion
Had better                    Threat/warning

*AE:American English BE: British English

Answers

  1. One ought to help the needy. [since it is a moral obligation]
  2. May I come in ? [ if you are asking for permission] / Can I come in ? [if you want to indicate authority] {answer both 1 and 2}
  3. John should study tonight .[advice been given to John] / John must study tonight.[compulsion]/John had better study tonight.[threatening John] {answer all the above depending on the meaning to be conveyed}
  4. Should / If you have a problem let me know.
  5. Would you like to have a cup of coffee? [ formal conversation]

If you have any queries do post them in the comments section of this post.

Categories: CAT 12 grammar

GKPedia – 2.02 : The begining of terrorism in Kashmir

October 1, 2012 Leave a comment

The inception

Though there had been instances of sporadic conflict in many regions for many years, intensified attacks occurred in the late 1980s, when the 1987 state elections were rigged although disputed ; had resulted in some of the ‘states legislative assembly’ ‘formed militant wings’ later on after the election forming and creating the catalyst for the insurgency

Indian Government believes Mujahideen fighters from Afghanistan slowly infiltrated the region, with Pakistan’s help, following the end of the Soviet-Afghan War in 1989

Reasons for insurgency

  • demand for independent Kashmir
  • in favour of joining Pakistan

Pakistan’s role in terrorism in Kashmir

  • A 1994 report by Human Rights Watch group lends support to both Indian and Pakistani charges. In support of Indian claims, it states that “

There is compelling evidence that elements of the Pakistani government have sponsored a significant flow of arms to Kashmiri militants [from arms bazaars in the North West Frontier Province], as well as an extensive training program.

  • The Council on Foreign Relations states that Pakistan’s military and Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) both include personnel who sympathize with—or even assist—Islamist militants adding that “ISI has provided covert but well-documented support to terrorist groups active in Kashmir, among other outfits.
  • The UN Security Council has also confirmed the existence of terrorist groups based in [Pakistani] Kashmir and urged Pakistan to crack down on terrorist groups which had been operating in Kashmir and killing innocent people

Pakistan’s stance on terrorism in Kashmir

Pakistan describes the separatists as “freedom fighters” and says that it supports their effort for the cause of the Kashmiris only morally and diplomatically. Pakistan however admits that there has been ‘cross border infiltration of militants’ across the Line of Control.

In 2008, Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari said India has never been a threat to Pakistan, and that militants in Kashmir are terrorists . In 2002, Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf tried to clamp down on the militants operating from Pakistan.

Categories: GKPedia : 2012

EngQuizzitive – CAT – 2.14 (vocab)

October 1, 2012 Leave a comment
Categories: CAT 12 grammar

EngQuizzitive – CAT – 2.14 (vocab)

October 1, 2012 1 comment

This week’s vocab quiz was based on french words or phrases used in English language.

Hope you enjoyed solving the same.

 Answers :

  1. The cafe is a favorite rendezvous for artists.The meaning of rendezvous is :a prearranged meeting place
  2. We gave the contractor carte blanche to modernize the kitchen.The meaning of carte blanche is : unconditional authority
  3. Her family is all doing well with the eldest two girls having worked this year as au pair girls in Germany.The meaning of au pair is: both 2 and 3
  4. Her book presents an interesting mélange of ideas.Melange means:both 1 and 3
  5. Old-timers watched the stock-market crash with a distinct sense of déjà vu.The meaning of the french word deja vu is a feeling that one has been in a place or had a specific experience before
Categories: CAT 12 vocab

EngQuizzitive – CAT – 2.13 (reasoning)

September 25, 2012 Leave a comment
Categories: CAT 12 grammar
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