Para Jumbles / PFQ (CET Pattern)

The PFQ / Para Jumble questions in CET are generally the non-MCQ pattern in CET (which becomes a nightmare for most of the students) . Here are a few ways in which these questions can be solved.

Pattern : In CET generally there are 6 sentences which need to be arranged in a particular order to get a meaningful paragraph.In the case of CET rather than coming up with a sequence one has to solve the questions following it.

How to solve these questions : The following steps could be used to solve these questions :

  • Read all the sentences given to you
  • Check for the introductory sentence (an introductory sentence ideally introduces the topic )
  • The next step would be to identify links which help connect two sentences. There can be two types of links : Structure (language/grammar based) & Content

Here are a few structure links :

  • Noun – Pronoun agreement : the noun and the pronoun should agree with each other in terms of number and gender

eg. B)  Indeed, just as with crime, an enormous academic literature exists on the                              validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures
C) And, as with crime, it is equally inconclusive.  Link : BC

  • Conjunctions : two sentences are joined using a conjunction : and – will join to similar ideas,but – will join two contradictory sentences.
    eg. A ) Some work supports the Becker thesis, and some appears to contradict it.
    B) But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work, it is hard to                    establish convincing connections between family changes and economic                          factors  using conventional approaches. Link : AB

Content links :

  • Idea elaboration link
  • Idea example link
  • Chronology
  • Generic to specific
  • Cause and Effect relationship

For more inputs on solving Para Jumbles questions please check the following link : Para Jumbles : Some ways of solving these questions 

 

Introduction to Word Families

Apart from Etymology another method of vocab building is the word family method. This method is based on the concept of a thesaurus.

To understand how word families function , you might need to first understand the difference between a dictionary and a thesaurus.

This is one of the ways of stating that difference :

‘ When you dont know the meaning of a word we use a dictionary ; but when the meaning of the word is known and we are simply looking at other words that mean the same we use a Thesaurus’

The concept of thesaurus was introduced by Roget (hence Roget’s thesaurus is the original thesaurus). What Roget had set out to do was to divide words into word families, where in there is a head word and other words closely related in meaning to them. Hence a thesaurus is not simply a list of synonyms (that we usually find in the market these days) but it is much much more than that.

Here is an example the word family of the head word : criticise

 

Slide1

Click on the image for the word family of Criticize

Visit the following link for more information on word families flash cards : Publications

 

EngQuizzitive-6.2.2: Usage of Apostrophe

Dear student ,Grammar logo_Engquizzitive

Here are the solutions for the quiz on Usage of Apostrophe :

You can check the theory of the same from the following link : Concept Explanation

Answers :

1) Due to heavy rains the CET achievers’/achievers’s meet was postponed to the next weekend.

2) India should not play a second fiddle to the US but protect its interest.[it’s is an abbreviation for it is]

3) One must learn to keep one’s promise.

4) It is so far the biggest party in the 2000s. [ Plural of number should be without an apostrophe.However single digit number plural is expressed with an apostrophe 2’s,3’s etc]

5) Some of his children have Ph.Ds [abbreviations do not take an apostrophe to show the plural unless written as Ph.D where also it takes the ‘s’ without the apostrophe sign]

Do post your queries and feedback in the comments section of this post.